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Scholarly Research

Scholarly Research (links to full-text studies, evaluations and aggregations of Cannabis information produced by researchers, physicians and institutes).

Abizaid, Alfonso et al (2019). Cannabis: A potential efficacious intervention for PTSD or simply snake oil? Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience.
Cannabis to Treat PTSD

Adejumo, Adeyinka Charles et al (2017). Cannabis use is associated with reduced prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE.
Cannabis Significantly Reduces the Prevalence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Adejumo, Adeyinka Charles et al (2018). Reduced Incidence and Better Liver Disease Outcomes among Chronic HCV Infected Patients Who Consume Cannabis. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
Cannabis Users with Liver Disease Caused by Hepatitis C, Exhibit a Decrease in the Prevalence of Liver Cirrhosis

Al-Ghezi, Zinah Zamil et al (2019). Combination of Cannabinoids, Δ9- Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol, Ameliorates Experimental Multiple Sclerosis by Suppressing Neuroinflammation Through Regulation of miRNA-Mediated Signaling Pathways. Frontiers in Immunology.
1:1 Ratio of THC and CBD Reduced Neuroinflammation Associated with MS (Multiple Sclerosis)

Aly, Esraa et al (2020). β-Caryophyllene, a CB2-Receptor-Selective Phytocannabinoid, Suppresses Mechanical Allodynia in a Mouse Model of Antiretroviral-Induced Neuropathic Pain. Molecules.
The Cannabinoid BCP (β-Caryophyllen) was Found to Prevent Neuropathic Pain

Alsherbiny, Muhammad et al (2019). Medicinal Cannabis-Potential Drug Interactions. Medicines.
Cannabis Could Modify the Effect of Your Medication

Andre, Christelle et al (2016). Cannabis sativa: The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules. Frontiers in Plant Science.
Broad Cannabis Overview

Armour, Mike et al (2019). Self-management strategies amongst Australian women with endometriosis: a national online survey. BMC (BioMed Central) Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
Cannabis and CBD Oil as Treatments for Endometriosis

Atalay, Sinemyiz et al (2020). Antioxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabidiol. Antioxidants.
The Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammation Capacity of CBD

Baggio, Michele et al (2018). Sex, Drugs, and Baby Booms: Can Behavior Overcome Biology? Social Science Research Network. Follow the link and to click “Download This Paper” to read the PDF document.
Cannabis, Sex and Birth Rates

Baram, Liran et al (2019). The heterogeneity and complexity of Cannabis extracts as antitumor agents. Oncotarget.
Matching Cannabis Strains to Treat Specific Cancer Sub-types

Baron, Eric P. et al (2018). Patterns of medicinal cannabis use, strain analysis, and substitution effect among patients with migraine, headache, arthritis, and chronic pain in a medicinal cannabis cohort. The Journal of Headache and Pain.
Best Cannabis Strains for Headache and Pain

Berman, Paula et al (2018). A new ESI-LC/MS approach for comprehensive metabolic profiling of phytocannabinoids in Cannabis. Scientific Reports.
The Importance of Profiling Cannabis Strains to Identify which Phytochemical Combinations can Address Various Ailments

Bialer, Meir et al (2018). Progress report on new antiepileptic drugs: A summary of the Fourteenth Eilat Conference on New Antiepileptic Drugs and Devices (EILAT XIV). II. Drugs in more advanced clinical development. Epilepsia.
New Antiepileptic Drugs Based on Cannabis

Bitencourt, Rafael M. et al (2018). Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials. Frontiers in Neuroscience.
Cannabis and PTSD

Blake, Erin A. et al (2019). Non-prescription cannabis use for symptom management amongst women with gynecologic malignancies. Gynecologic Oncology Reports.
Cannabis and Gynecologic Cancer Patients, Management of Pain, Insomnia, Nausea and Appetite

Bobitt, Julie et al (2019). Cannabis as an Alternative to Opioid Use by Older Adults: The Illinois Opioid Alternative Pilot Program. Oxford University Press, Public Policy & Aging Report.
Cannabis as an Alternative to Opioid Use

Borrelli, Francesca et al (2013). Beneficial effect of the non-psychotropic plant cannabinoid cannabigerol on experimental inflammatory bowel disease. Biochemical Pharmacology.
Cannabigerol (CBG) in the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Brand, E. Joseph et al (2017). Cannabis in Chinese Medicine: Are Some Traditional Indications Referenced in Ancient Literature Related to Cannabinoids? Frontiers in Pharmacology.
A 2000 Year History of Cannabis use in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Brandenburg, Mark A. (2019). Prescription Opioids Are Associated With Population Mortality in US Deep South Middle-Age Non-hispanic Whites: An Ecological Time Series Study. Frontiers in Public Health.
Opioid (Hydrocodone & Oxycodone) Sales are Directly Associated with an Increase in Mortality

Branca, Jacopo Junio Valerio et al (2019). Cannabidiol Protects Dopaminergic Neuronal Cells from Cadmium. Environmental Research and Public Health.
CBD and the Treatment of Neuronal Toxicity

Brents, Lisa K. (2016). Marijuana, the Endocannabinoid System and the Female Reproductive System. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine.
Estrogen Increases Sensitivity to THC, Progesterone Decreases Sensitivity

Bridgeman, Mary Barna et al (2017). Medicinal Cannabis: History, Pharmacology, And Implications for the Acute Care Setting. Pharmacy and Therapeutics.
History of Medicinal Cannabis

Bruni, Natascia et al (2018). Cannabinoid Delivery Systems for Pain and Inflammation Treatment. Molecules.
Cannabinoids and Pain

Calapai, Gioacchino et al (2019). Preclinical and Clinical Evidence Supporting Use of Cannabidiol in Psychiatry. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
CBD and the Potential to Treat Mental Diseases

Camilleri, Michael (2018). Cannabinoids and gastrointestinal motility: Pharmacology, clinical effects, and potential therapeutics in humans. Neurogastroenterology & Motility.
Cannabis as a Treatment for Digestive/Gastric Ailments

Casarett, David J. et al (2019). Benefit of Tetrahydrocannabinol versus Cannabidiol for Common Palliative Care Symptoms. Liebert Publishers, Journal of Palliative Medicine.
THC : CBD Ratios to Treat Anorexia, Depression, Anxiety, Insomnia and Pain

Chen, Ning-Yuan et al (2017). Extract of Fructus Cannabis Ameliorates Learning and Memory Impairment Induced by D-Galactose in an Aging Rats Model. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
Hempseed Reduces Oxidative Stress, Enhances Immune Function and Mitigates Alzheimer's-Associated Memory Loss

Cheung, Keith A. Kwan et al (2019). The Interplay between the Endocannabinoid System, Epilepsy and Cannabinoids. International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
Cannabis in the Treatment of Epilepsy and Validated CBD as a Potent Antiseizure Medication

Chua, Janice T. et al (2019). ndocannabinoid System and the Kidneys: From Renal Physiology to Injury and Disease. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Cannabis May Present New Methods of Modulating Cannabinoid Receptors Associated with Kidney Disease

Citti, Cinzia et al (2019). A novel phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa L. with an in vivo cannabimimetic activity higher than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol: Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabiphorol. Scientific Reports.
New Cannabis Phytocannabinoids: THCP and CBDP

Clark, Thomas M. (2017). Cannabis use is associated with a substantial reduction in premature deaths in the United States. Indiana University South Bend. See the full document link located below the Abstract.
Cannabis Use is Associated with a Reduction in Premature Deaths

Clark, Thomas M. (2018). Theoretical Explanation for Reduced Body Mass Index and Obesity Rates in Cannabis Users. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Cannabis Users Tend to have a Lower Body Mass Index than Non-Users

Crippa, Jose A. et al (2018). Translational Investigation of the Therapeutic Potential of Cannabidiol (CBD): Toward a New Age. Frontiers in Immunology.
CBD to Treat Neuropsychiatric Ailments: Epilepsy, Substance Abuse, Schizophrenia, Social Phobia, Post-traumatic Stress, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Sleep Disorders

Cuttler, Carrie et al (2016). Sex Differences in Cannabis Use and Effects: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Cannabis Users. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Difference in Cannabis use by Sex

Davies, Cathy et al (2019). Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis. Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology.
Cannabis, CBD as a Treatment for Psychosis

Deabold, Kelly A. et al (2019). Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats. Animals.
The Safety of CBD use in Dogs and Cats

De Petrocellis, Luciano et al (2011). Effects of cannabinoids and cannabinoid-enriched Cannabis extracts on TRP channels and endocannabinoid metabolic enzymes. British Journal of Pharmacology. 
Cannabis Extracts

Desai, Rupak et al (2019). In-hospital outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease in cannabis users: a nationwide propensity-matched analysis in the United States. Annals of Translational Medicine.
Cannabis and the Treatment of Digestive Disorders such as IBS

De Ternay, Julia et al (2019). Therapeutic Prospects of Cannabidiol for Alcohol Use Disorder and Alcohol-Related Damages on the Liver and the Brain. Frontiers in Pharmacology.
CBD may be an Effective Treatment for Alcohol-Related Brain Damage and Liver Steatosis/Fibrosis

Devinsky, Orrin et al (2014). Cannabidiol: Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia.
A Review of CBD in the Treatment of Epilepsy

Dirikoc, Sevda et al (2007). Nonpsychoactive Cannabidiol Prevents Prion Accumulation and Protects Neurons against Prion Toxicity. The Journal of Neuroscience.
Cannabis Protects the Brain and CBD may be a Treatment for Prion Disease 

Eagleston, Lauren R. M. et al (2018). Cannabinoids in dermatology: a scoping review. Dermatology Online Journal.
Cannabis to Treat Skin Conditions: Acne Vulgaris, Asteatotic Dermatitis, Atopic Dermatitis, Hidradenitis Suppurativa, Kaposi Sarcoma, Pruritus, Psoriasis, Skin Cancer

Escudero-Lara, Alejandra et al (2020). Disease-modifying effects of natural Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in endometriosis-associated pain. eLife.
Cannabis to Treat Endometriosis (THC Reduces Pain, Mitigates Cognitive Impairment and Inhibits the Development of Endometrial Cysts)

Farha, Maya A. et al (2020). Uncovering the hidden antibiotic potential of Cannabis. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, bioRxiv.
Cannabigerol (CBG) has a Potent Bacterial-Killing Capacity Which May Result in a New Protocol in the Fight Against Drug-Resistant Staph Infections

Fleury-Teixeira, Paulo et al (2019). Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms: An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use. Frontiers in Neurology.
CBD-Enriched Cannabis Extract to Treat Symptoms Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Flicker, Nathaniel Ryan et al (2019). The Bee Community of Cannabis sativa and Corresponding Effects of Landscape Composition. Environmental Entomology.
Bees Like Cannabis (Industrial Hemp, Cannabaceae)

Gallily, Ruth et al (2015). Overcoming the BellShaped DoseResponse of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol. Pharmacology & Pharmacy.
CBD Whole-Plant Therapies are Superior to CBD Isolates

Gallily, Ruth et al (2018). Avidekel Cannabis extracts and cannabidiol are as efficient as Copaxone in suppressing EAE in SJL/J mice. Inflammopharmacology.
Cannabis High in CBD (Avidekel) is as Effective as Copaxone (Pharmaceutical) in Treating Multiple Sclerosis

Gallily, Ruth et al (2018). The Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Terpenoids from Cannabis. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Comparison of Terpenes and CBD Anti-Inflammatory Effectiveness

Gamble, Lauri-Jo et al (2018). Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science.
CBD Reduces Pain and Increases Activity in Dogs with Arthritis

Gandhi, Shreyas et al (2017). Systematic review of the potential role of cannabinoids as antiproliferative agents for urological cancers. Canadian Urological Association Journal.
Cannabis as a Treatment for Urological Malignancies, such as Renal, Prostate, Bladder and Testicular Cancers

Giacoppo, Sabrina et al (2016). Can cannabinoids be a potential therapeutic tool in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis? Neural Regeneration Research.
Cannabis to Treat ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis)

Giacoppo, Sabrina et al (2017). Cannabinoid CB2 Receptors are Involved in the Protection of RAW264.7 Macrophages Against the Oxidative Stress: An in Vitro Study. European Journal of Histochemistry.
CBG (Cannabigerol) can Scavenge Free Radicals and Enhance the Anti-Oxidant Defense of Cells

Gilbert, Avery N. et al (2018). Consumer perceptions of strain differences in Cannabis aroma. PLOS ONE.
Cannabis Strains and the Perception of Potency, Interest and Price Associated with Aroma

Gonen, Tal et al (2020). Cannabis and Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Rheumatic Diseases. Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal.
How Cannabis may Impact Rheumatic Diseases such as Fibromyalgia, Arthritis and Lupus

Hahn, Britta (2018). The Potential of Cannabidiol Treatment for Cannabis Users With Recent-Onset Psychosis. Schizophrenia Bulletin.
CBD May Improve the Disease Trajectory of Individuals with Early Psychosis

Hammell, D. C. et al (2016). Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis. European Journal of Pain. 
Cannabis Reduces Inflammation and Pain

Hasenoehrl, Carina et al (2016). The gastrointestinal tract – a central organ of cannabinoid signalling in health and disease. Neurogastroenterology and Motility.
Cannabis as a Therapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease & Colon Cancer

Hindocha, C. et al (2019). The Effectiveness of Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Systematic Review. Journal of Dual Diagnosis.
Cannabis Therapy for PTSD and Sleep Disturbances

Holley, James et al (2019, under review). Key pharmacological differences between side effects of refined, pharmaceutical CBD formulations and whole plant extracts.Cannabis Law Report.
Whole-Plant Cannabis Compared to Isolates

Iannotti, Fabio Arturo et al (2020). Identification and Characterization of Cannabimovone, a Cannabinoid from Cannabis sativa, as a Novel PPARγ Agonist via a Combined Computational and Functional Study. Molecules.
Anti-Diabetic Possibilities of a Little Known/Understood Cannabinoid, CBM (Cannabimovone)

Irakli, Maria et al (2019). Effect οf Genotype and Growing Year on the Nutritional, Phytochemical, and Antioxidant Properties of Industrial Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Seeds. Antioxidants.
Nutritional, Phytochemical and Antioxidant Makeup of Industrial Hemp

Jadoon, Khalid A. et al (2017). A single dose of cannabidiol reduces blood pressure in healthy volunteers in a randomized crossover study. JCI Insight.
CBD Reduces Blood Pressure

Jastrzab, Anna et al (2019). Cannabidiol Regulates the Expression of Keratinocyte Proteins Involved in the Inflammation Process through Transcriptional Regulation. Cells.
CBD and Skin Protection

Jeong, Soyeon et al (2019). Cannabidiol promotes apoptosis via regulation of XIAP/Smac in gastric cancer. Cell Death & Disease.
CBD to Treat Gastric Cancer

Jin, Dan et al (2020). Secondary Metabolites Profiled in Cannabis Inflorescences, Leaves, Stem Barks, and Roots for Medicinal Purposes. Scientific Reports.
Exploration of 3 Cannabis Chemovars and Profiles of 71 Associated Phytochemicals

Jin, Solee et al (2018). The ameliorative effect of hemp seed hexane extracts on the Propionibacterium acnes-induced inflammation and lipogenesis in sebocytes. PLOS ONE.
Cannabis Hemp Seed Anti-microbial, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-lipogenic, Collagen-Promoting Properties to Treat Acne

Kamal, Brishna S. et al (2018). Cannabis and the Anxiety of Fragmentation—A Systems Approach for Finding an Anxiolytic Cannabis Chemotype. Frontiers in Neuroscience.
Cannabis Survey Says the Best Anti-anxiety Strains are Bubba Kush, Skywalker OG Kush, Blueberry Lambsbread

Keklikoglou, Ioanna et al (2019). Chemotherapy elicits pro-metastatic extracellular vesicles in breast cancer models. Nature Cell Biology.
Chemotherapy can Spread Cancer to other Organs

Khan, Rabia et al (2020). The therapeutic role of Cannabidiol in mental health: a systematic review. BMC (BioMed Central) Journal of Cannabis Research.
CBD as a Treatment for Schizophrenia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Cannabis Use Disorder

Kis, Brigitta et al (2019). Cannabidiol—from Plant to Human Body: A Promising Bioactive Molecule with Multi-Target Effects in Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
Review of CBD as a Treatment for Cancer

Kiskova, T. et al (2019). Future Aspects for Cannabinoids in Breast Cancer Therapy. International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
Cannabis to Treat Breast Cancer

Klein, Carolin et al (2012). Circulating Endocannabinoid Concentrations and Sexual Arousal in Women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Cannabinoids and Sexual Arousal in Women

Kogan, Natalya M. et al (2015). Cannabidiol, a Major Non - Psychotropic Cannabis Constituent Enhances Fracture Healing and Stimulates Lysyl Hydroxylase Activity in Osteoblasts. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
CBD Improves Healing of Bone Fractures

Kosgodage, Uchini S. et al (2018). Cannabidiol (CBD) Is a Novel Inhibitor for Exosome and Microvesicle (EMV) Release in Cancer. Frontiers in Pharmacology.
CBD Makes Cancer More Sensitized to Chemotherapy and Reduces Tumor Growth in Three Cancers (Prostate, Liver and Breast)

Kosgodage, Uchini S. et al (2019). Cannabidiol Is a Novel Modulator of Bacterial Membrane Vesicles. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.
CBD Increases the Antibacterial Effects of Specific Antibiotics

Kumar, R. N. et al (2008). Pharmacological actions and therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids. Anaesthesia.
A Review of uses for Cannabis and Cannabinoids

Lake, Stephanie et al (2019). Does cannabis use modify the effect of post-traumatic stress disorder on severe depression and suicidal ideation? Evidence from a population-based cross-sectional study of Canadians. Journal of Psychopharmacology.
Cannabis as a Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Li, Dehao et al (2017). Cannabidiol administration reduces sublesional cancellous bone loss in rats with severe spinal cord injury. European Journal of Pharmacology.
CBD and Bone Density

Li, Ming-Hua et al (2017). Compensatory Activation of Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor Inhibition of GABA Release in the Rostral Ventromedial Medulla in Inflammatory Pain. The Journal of Neuroscience.
CBD used to Treat Pain and Inflammation

Li, Xiaoxue et al (2019). The effectiveness of self-directed medical cannabis treatment for pain. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Scroll to see the full paper.
Full-Spectrum Whole-Plant Products High in THC Provide more Effective Pain Relief than Isolates/Concentrates

Lin, Steven C. et al (2018). The Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology & Hepatology.
Cannabis as a Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and a Reduction is Associated Pain

Lowe, Henry I. C. et al (2017). Potential of Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Viral Hepatitis. Pharmacognosy Research.
CBD may be a Potent Therapy for Treating Viral Hepatitis C

Lynn, Becky K. et al (2019). The Relationship between Marijuana Use Prior to Sex and Sexual Function in Women. Sexual Medicine.
Cannabis and Sexual Function in Women

Lynn, Becky et al (2020). Effects of Cannabinoids on Female Sexual Function. Sexual Medicine Reviews.
Cannabis is Associated with Increasing the Duration and Enhancing the Quality of the Female Orgasm

Mammana, Santa et al (2019). Could the Combination of Two Non-Psychotropic Cannabinoids Counteract Neuroinflammation? Effectiveness of Cannabidiol Associated with Cannabigerol. Medicina.
CBG (Cannabigerol) Enhances the Anti-Inflammatory Effects of CBD (Cannabidiol) in the Treatment of Neuroinflammation Associated with Motoneuron Degenerative Diseases

Masataka, Nobuo (2019). Anxiolytic Effects of Repeated Cannabidiol Treatment in Teenagers With Social Anxiety Disorders. Frontiers in Psychology.
CBD Isolate to Treat Social Anxiety Disorder and Avoidant Personality Disorder

McAllister, Sean D. et al ( 2015). The antitumor activity of plant-derived non-psychoactive cannabinoids. Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.
Cannabinoids to fight Cancer

McPartland, John & Russo, Ethan Budd (2001). Cannabis and cannabis extracts: Greater than the sum of their parts? Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. Scroll to see the full paper.
The Synergy of Cannabinoids, Terpenoids and Flavonoids

Mehrabani, Mehrnaz et al (2016). Accelerated Burn Wound Closure in Mice with a New Formula Based on Traditional Medicine. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.
An Ancient Burn Medication Based on Sesame, Pistachio, Walnut and Hemp

Meier, Madeline H. et al (2019). Associations between adolescent cannabis use frequency and adult brain structure: A prospective study of boys followed to adulthood. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Click the "Download PDF" button at the top, then click "Download this article."
Comparison of Cannabis use and Brain Structure among Teens and Adults

Mitelpunkt, Alexis et al (2019). The safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of PTL-101, an oral cannabidiol formulation, in pediatric intractable epilepsy: A phase II, open-label, single-center study. Epilepsy & Behavior. Click the PDF button on the upper right.
PTL-101 is a New CBD Capsule Designed to Improve Bioavailability & Maintain Gastrointestinal Delivery

Morales, Paula et al (2019). Antitumor Cannabinoid Chemotypes: Structural Insights. Frontiers in Pharmacology.
A Review of Cannabis and Cannabinoid Anti-Tumor Effect on Cancer

Moreau, Michele et al (2019). Flavonoid Derivative of Cannabis Demonstrates Therapeutic Potential in Preclinical Models of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer. Frontiers in Oncology.
Cannabis and Pancreatic Cancer

Munson, A. E. et al (1975). Antineoplastic activity of cannabinoids. Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
The First Study to Prove Cannabis has an Anti-Tumor Effect on Cancer

Naftali, T. et al (2011). Treatment of Crohn’s Disease with Cannabis: An Observational Study. Israel Medical Association Journal. Click the PDF button on the upper right.
Cannabis and Crohn's Disease

Naftali, Timna (2019). Cannabis for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Should We Follow the Wisdom of the Crowd? Israel Medical Association Journal.
Cannabis as a Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Namdar, Dvora et al (2019). Terpenoids and Phytocannabinoids Co-Produced in Cannabis Sativa Strains Show Specific Interaction for Cell Cytotoxic Activity. Molecules.
Terpene and Cannabinoid Combinations are more Potent in Natural Ratios

Navarro, Gemma et al (2018). Cannabigerol Action at Cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 Receptors and at CB1-CB2 Heteroreceptor Complexes. Frontiers in Pharamcology.
Cannabigerol (CBG) as a Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Ngwa, Wilfred et al (2017). Nanoparticle Drones to Target Lung Cancer with Radiosensitizers and Cannabinoids. Frontiers in Oncology.
Cannabinoid-Loaded Nanoparticle Drones to Target Lung Cancer Tumors

Noel, Christopher (2017). Evidence for the use of “medical marijuana” in psychiatric and neurologic disorders. The Mental Health Clinician.
Cannabis Therapy to Treat Multiple Sclerosis and Neuropathic Pain

Orsolini, Laura et al (2019). Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Systematic Review. Medicina.
Cannabis may have a Therapeutic Role in the Treatment of PTSD Symptoms

Pamplona, Fabricio et al (2018). Potential Clinical Benefits of CBD-Rich Cannabis Extracts Over Purified CBD in Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy: Observational Data Meta-analysis. Frontiers in Neurology.
Comparison of Full-Spectrum Cannabis to Isolates

Peres, Fernanda F. et al (2018). Cannabidiol as a Promising Strategy to Treat and Prevent Movement Disorders? Frontiers in Pharmacology.
CBD to Treat and/or Prevent Movement Disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Dyskinesia

Piomelli, Daniele & Russo, Ethan B. (2016). The Cannabis sativa Versus Cannabis indica Debate: An Interview with Ethan Russo, MD. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Dr Ethan Russo is Interviewed about Cannabis and Associated Phytochemicals

Piper, Brian J. et al (2017). Chronic Pain Patients’ Perspectives of Medical Cannabis. The Journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain.
Cannabis can Treat Pain and Chronic Pain

Philpott, Holly T. et al (2017). Attenuation of early phase inflammation by cannabidiol prevents pain and nerve damage in rat osteoarthritis. Pain.
CBD can Reduce Pain in Osteoarthritic Joints and may Prevent Nerve Damage

Pollastro, Federica et al (2017). Cannabis Phenolics and their Bioactivities. Current Medicinal Chemistry. Scroll to see the full paper.
The Therapeutic Value of Cannabis Phenols (Flavonoids, Stilbenoids, Lignans)

Purcell, Chad et al (2019). Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Cannabis to Replace Benzodiazepines as a Treatment for Anxiety/Neurological Disorders

Rea, Kevin A. et al (2019). Biosynthesis of cannflavins A and B from Cannabis sativa L. Phytochemistry.
Cannflavin A and B (Flavonoids Unique to Cannabis) Exhibit an Anti-Inflammatory Effect 30 Times Greater than Aspirin

Rahman, Inayat Ur et al (2019). Herbal Teas and Drinks: Folk Medicine of the Manoor Valley, Lesser Himalaya, Pakistan. Plants.
Cannabis is a Primary Ingredient in Ancient Herbal Teas

Ren, Meng et al (2019). The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs. Science Advances.
Cannabis used In Western China ~500 BCE

Ren, Yanhua et al (2009). Cannabidiol, a Nonpsychotropic Component of Cannabis, Inhibits Cue-Induced Heroin Seeking and Normalizes Discrete Mesolimbic Neuronal Disturbances. The Journal of Neuroscience.
CBD may Reduce Heroin Cravings and Relapse

Rock, Erin M. et al (2013). Cannabinoid Regulation of Acute and Anticipatory Nausea. Liebert Publishers.
Cannabis and Nausea

Rock, Erin M. et al (2013). Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid reduces nausea-induced conditioned gaping in rats and vomiting in Suncus murinus. British Journal of Pharmacology.
Cannabis and Nausea

Ross, Jessica M. et al (2020). Investigating the causal effect of cannabis use on cognitive function with a quasi-experimental co-twin design. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
Cannabis "does not cause a decline in cognitive ability"

Ruhaak, Lucia Renee et al (2011). Evaluation of the Cyclooxygenase Inhibiting Effects of Six Major Cannabinoids Isolated from Cannabis sativa. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin.
Cannabis and Isolated Cannabinoids

Russo, Ethan B. (2011). Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. British Journal of Pharmacology.
Cannabis Terpenes and the Synergy of the Entourage Effect

Russo, Ethan B. (2016). Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency Reconsidered: Current Research Supports the Theory in Migraine, Fibromyalgia, Irritable Bowel, and Other Treatment-Resistant Syndromes. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
Cannabis is a Possible Therapy for Migraine, Fibromyalgia, IBS and Other Treatment-Resistant Syndromes

Russo, Ethan B. (2018). Cannabis Therapeutics and the Future of Neurology. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience.
Cannabis and Neurological Disorders

Russo, Ethan B. (2019). The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain. Frontiers in Plant Science.
Cannabis and the Entourage Effect of Full-Spectrum Formulas

Scharf, Eugene L. (2017). Translating Endocannabinoid Biology into Clinical Practice: Cannabidiol for Stroke Prevention. Liebert Publishers, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.
CBD for Stroke Prevention

Schicho, Rudolf et al (2014). Cannabis finds its way into treatment of Crohn’s disease. Pharmacology.
Cannabis and Crohn's Disease

Sempio, Cristina et al (2019). Surface Detection of THC Attributable to Vaporizer Use in the Indoor Environment. Scientific Reports.
Side-Stream Cannabis Smoke/Vapor can Accumulate on Surfaces and Test Positive for THC

Shannon, Scott et al (2019). Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series. The Permanente Journal.
CBD to Treat Anxiety and Sleep Disorders

Sharafi, Golnaz et al (2019). Potential Use of Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer. Journal of Pancreatic Cancer.
Cannabinoids to Treat Pancreatic Cancer

Sharkey, Keith A. et al (2013). Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system. European Journal of Pharmacology.
Cannabis Reduces Nausea and Vomiting

Silver, Robert J. (2019). The Endocannabinoid System of Animals. Animals.
Cannabis-Based Therapies for Non-Human Animals such as Dogs

Solymosi, Katalin et al (2016). Cannabis: A Treasure Trove or Pandora's Box? Medicinal Chemistry. Scroll to see the full paper.
The Biology, Pharmacology, Physiology and Medical Significance of Cannabis

Stith, Sarah S, et al (2019). The Association Between Cannabis Product Characteristics and Symptom Relief. Scientific Reports.
Dried Flower with Moderate to High THC, Provided Greatest Relief from Anxiety, Depression and Back Pain

Sulak, Dustin et al (2016). The current status of artisanal cannabis for the treatment of epilepsy in the United States. Epilepsy & Behavior.
Review of Artisanal Cannabis Effects on Epilepsy

Sule-Suso, Josep et al (2019). Striking lung cancer response to self-administration of cannabidiol: A case report and literature review. SAGE Open Medical Case Reports.
81 Year-Old Man uses CBD Oil to Fight Lung Cancer

Tomko, Andrea et al (2019). Antitumor Activity of Abnormal Cannabidiol and Its Analog O-1602 in Taxol-Resistant Preclinical Models of Breast Cancer. Frontiers in Pharmacology.
Cannabis and the Development of Atypical Cannabinoids to Treat Breast Cancer

Toth, Kinga Fanni et al (2019). Cannabinoid Signaling in the Skin: Therapeutic Potential of the “C(ut)annabinoid” System. Molecules.
Cannabis and Skin Therapy

Takeda, Shuso et al (2008). Cannabidiolic Acid as a Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitory Component in Cannabis. Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 
Cannabis and Isolated Cannabinoids Anti-Inflammation

Tapley, Patrick et al (2019). Cannabis-based medicines and the perioperative physician. Perioperative Medicine.
A Review of Cannabis and Interactions with other Drugs

Tavhare, Swagata Dilip et al (2019). Management of chronic pain with Jalaprakshalana (water-wash) Shodhita (processed) Bhanga (Cannabis sativa L.) in cancer patients with deprived quality of life: An open-label single arm clinical trial. AYU (International Journal of Research in Ayurveda).
Ancient Cannabis Preparation Reduces Pain, Anxiety and Depression among Cancer Patients

Uberall, Michael (2020). Review of Scientific Evidence for THC:CBD Oromucosal Spray (Nabiximols) in the Management of Chronic Pain. Journal of Pain Research.
Nabiximols/Sativex (~1:1 Spray of THC and CBD) Reduces Neuropathic Pain and Spasticity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Urits, Ivan et al (2019). An Update of Current Cannabis-Based Pharmaceuticals in Pain Medicine. Pain and Therapy.
Cannabis 'drugs' Currently Produced or Under Review: Sativex®, Epidiolex®, CR701, ZYN002

Vaccani, Angelo et al (2005). Cannabidiol inhibits human glioma cell migration through a cannabinoid receptor-independent mechanism. British Journal of Pharmacology.
Cannabis Kills Cancer

Val-da Silva, Raquel A, et al (2017). Protective Effects of Cannabidiol against Seizures and Neuronal Death in a Rat Model of Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Frontiers in Pharmacology.
CBD Anticonvulsant and Neuroprotective Effects in the Treatment of Epilepsy

Vaseghi, Golnaz et al (2017). Standardized Cannabis sativa extract attenuates tau and stathmin gene expression in the melanoma cell line. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences.
A CBD Cannabis Extract Restricts Melanoma/Cancer Migration

Ware, Mark A. et al (2018). Cannabis and the Health and Performance of the Elite Athlete. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.
Cannabis and Relief of Inflammation and Pain among Athletes

Weiland, Barbara J. et al (2015). Daily Marijuana Use Is Not Associated with Brain Morphometric Measures in Adolescents or Adults. The Journal of Neuroscience.
Cannabis does not Harm Brain Development

Xapelli, Sara et al (2013). Activation of Type 1 Cannabinoid Receptor (CB1R) Promotes Neurogenesis in Murine Subventricular Zone Cell Cultures. Public Library of Science.
Cannabis Stimulates the Growth of New Brain Cells

Yasmin-Karim, Sayeda et al (2018). Enhancing the Therapeutic Efficacy of Cancer Treatment With Cannabinoids. Frontiers in Oncology.
CBD Improves the Cancer-Killing Effect of Radiotherapy and Smart Radiotherapy Biomaterials

YorkWilliams, Sophie L. et al (2019). The New Runner's High? Examining Relationships Between Cannabis Use and Exercise Behavior in States With Legalized Cannabis. Frontiers in Public Health.
Cannabis and Exercise Survey

Zhang, Xin et al (2019). Cannabidiol Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Cell Apoptosis in Human Gastric Cancer SGC-7901 Cells. Biomolecules.
CBD and Digestive Cancers

Zeiger, Joanna S. et al (2019). Cannabis use in active athletes: Behaviors related to subjective effects. PLOS ONE.
Cannabis and Athletes

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